The development of a future low-carbon economy will be based around the provision of energy from renewable sources such as wind and solar, hydroelectric and marine, and geothermal. Availability and sustainability of resource is a key element of renewable energy production; solar energy is favoured in sunny climates, whereas wind and marine are natural choices for the British Isles and geothermal sources dominate energy production in Iceland.
Demand-driven energy use and the intermittency of the majority of renewable energy options together necessitate the development of parallel energy-storage technologies from grid-balancing through to transportation. This talk takes a chemical approach to energy storage that is based on availability and sustainability of resource. Particular emphasis will be placed on the opportunities afforded by hydrogen and ammonia as future energy vectors.
Affiliations : ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory, South Parks Road, University of Oxford