Dr John Dennis

Dr John Dennis

Reader in Molecular Nanostructural Materials
Address:
School of Physics and Astronomy
Queen Mary, University of London
327 Mile End Road, London, E1 4NS

Telephone: 020 7882 3412
Room: G O Jones 119
Email:

My research interests

Dr Dennis' research centers on the synthesis, purification, and spectroscopic characterization of novel fullerene related materials. Dr Dennis conducted pioneering work in the synthesis and purification of fullerenes. During August 1990 Dr Dennis beacme the first researcher to synthesize and purify the archetypal fullerene C60 (i.e., to do both) and since then was the first to purified more fullerenes isomers than all other researchers combined; including all 9 known isomers of the third most abundant fullerene C84. To this end he has developed several counter to proper practice HPLC techniques for fullerene purification that are now commonly used in many fullerene research labs throughout the world. His present research interest include:

Temperature-dependent structural studies: through NMR spectroscopy (molecular and dynamical) and XRD (crystal). Temperature-dependant vibrational studies via FTIR and FT-Raman.

Double-walled nanotubes: developing the production and purification of double-walled carbon nanotubes (by both pulsed arc, and CVD techniques), and to exploit the durability of double-walled nanotubes to produce more reliable nano-transistors, and materials with potential applications for field emission-based flat screen displays.

Carbon peapods: By encapsulating metal element containing endohedral fullerenes within carbon nanotubes tube, the band gap tubes can be narrowed (at the points corresponding to the positions of the endohedral fullerene). Preliminary results indicate these carbon peapods can be p-type, n-type, or am-bipolar, depending on the encapsulated atom. The effects of the encapsulated atom on the electronic transport of the fullerene is investigated.

Endohedral fullerenes as contrast agents for MRI.: Gadolinium-containing endohedral fullerenes are promising species for contrast enhancement in MRI, these species have several advantages over conventional agents. The incarcerated highly toxic Gd3+ ion is severely sterically hindered to dissociation, and they are about 20 times as effective, thus are required in much smaller doses. We, in collaboration with researchers at the Institute of Chemistry at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing are currently investigating functionalisation of these species to make them water-soluble and specific tissue targeting. For example, we have recently produced bone-targeting Gd-based endohedral fullerenes.

Quantum information processing: The ESR of the nitrogen-containing endohedral fullerene iNC60 has hyperfine lines at least two orders of magnitude narrower then any other known radical, making it a possible qubit candidate for quantum computation. Having recently performed the first (and still only) isolation of iNC60, I intend to systematically investigate the potential of nitrogen- and phosphorous-containing incar-fullerenes, as dimers as novel building-block materials for electron spin-based scalable solid-state quantum computation.

Isomer-pure fullerene and endohedral fullerene-based Transistors: Recently our group has begun researching the use of fullerenes and endohedral fullerenes in semi-conductor devices, including transistors.

Before joining QMUL, Dr Dennis conducted postdoctoral research under a series of personal research fellowships from the Australian Research Council, the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. He gained his D.Phil. under the supervision of Prof .Harry Kroto at the University of Sussex in 1993.

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Selected publications

Organophosphonate functionalized Gd@C-82 as a magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent
Shu CY, Wang CR, Zhang JF et al.
CHEM MATER, Volume 20, issue 6, page 2106, 25th March 2008.
DOI: 10.1021/cm7023982

Purification by HPLC and the UV/Vis absorption spectra of the nitrogen-containing incar-fullerenes iNC(60), and iNC(70)
Kanai M, Porfyrakis K, Briggs GAD et al.
CHEM COMMUN, issue 2, page 210, 21st January 2004.
DOI: 10.1039/b310978h

Nanoscale solid-state quantum computing
Ardavan A, Austwick M, Benjamin SC et al.
PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, Volume 361, issue 1808, page 1473, 15th July 2003.
DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2003.1214

Vibrational infrared spectra of the two major isomers of [84]fullerene: C-84{D-2(IV)} and C-84(D-2d(II)}
Dennis TJS, Hulman M, Kuzmany H et al.
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, Volume 104, issue 23, page 5411, 15th June 2000.
DOI: 10.1021/jp0006835

Isolation and characterization by 13C NMR spectroscopy of [84]fullerene minor isomers
Dennis TJS, Kai T, Asato K et al.
Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Volume 103, issue 44, 4th November 1999.

Production and isolation of endohedral strontium- and barium-based mono-metallofullerenes: Sr/Ba@C-82 and Sr/Ba@C-84
Dennis TJS, Shinohara H
CHEMICAL PHYSICS LETTERS, Volume 278, issue 1-3, page 107, 9th August 1997.
DOI: 10.1016/S0009-2614(97)01020-8

Structure and Dynamics of the Fullerenes C60 and C70
Dennis TJS
2nd December 1993.

C-13 NMR-SPECTROSCOPY OF C-76, C-78, C-84 AND MIXTURES OF C-86-C102 - ANOMALOUS CHROMATOGRAPHIC BEHAVIOR OF C-82, AND EVIDENCE FOR C70H12
TAYLOR R, LANGLEY GJ, AVENT AG et al.
J CHEM SOC PERK T 2, issue 6, page 1029, 1st June 1993.
DOI: 10.1039/p29930001029

STRUCTURAL PHASE-TRANSITIONS IN THE FULLERENE C-60
DAVID WIF, IBBERSON RM, DENNIS TJS et al.
Europhysics Letters: a letters journal exploring the frontiers of physics, Volume 18, issue 8, page {735-736}, 15th April 1992.
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/18/8/012

ELECTRONIC-SPECTRA AND TRANSITIONS OF THE FULLERENE C-60
LEACH S, VERVLOET M, DESPRES A et al.
CHEM PHYS, Volume 160, issue 3, page 451, 15th March 1992.
DOI: 10.1016/0301-0104(92)80012-K

Mu@C70: Monitoring the dynamics of fullerenes from inside the cage
Prassides K, Dennis TJS, Christides C et al.
Journal of Physical Chemistry, Volume 96, issue 26, page 10600, 1st January 1992.
DOI: 10.1021/j100205a007

CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE AND BONDING OF ORDERED C60
DAVID WIF, IBBERSON RM, MATTHEWMAN JC et al.
NATURE, Volume 353, issue 6340, page 147, 12th September 1991.
DOI: 10.1038/353147a0

DEGRADATION OF C60 BY LIGHT
TAYLOR R, PARSONS JP, AVENT AG et al.
NATURE, Volume 351, issue 6324, page 277, 23rd May 1991.
DOI: 10.1038/351277a0

THE IR-SPECTRA OF FULLERENE-60 AND FULLERENE-70
HARE JP, DENNIS TJ, KROTO HW et al.
J CHEM SOC CHEM COMM, issue 6, page 412, 15th March 1991.
DOI: 10.1039/c39910000412

Isolation and characterisation of the two major isomers of [84]fullerene (C-84)
Dennis TJS, Kai T, Tomiyama T et al.
CHEMICAL COMMUNICATIONS, issue 5, page {619-620}, DOI: 10.1039/a708025e

Isolation and characterization by C-13 NMR spectroscopy of [84]fullerene minor isomers
Dennis TJS, Kai T, Asato K et al.
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A, Volume 103, page {8747-8752}, DOI: 10.1021/jp9925132

Isomer specific intercalation chemistry: Potassium insertion into the D-2 and D-2d isomers of C-84
Allen KM, Dennis TJS, Rosseinsky MJ et al.
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, Volume 120, page {6681-6689}, DOI: 10.1021/ja980616c

ROTATIONAL-DYNAMICS OF SOLID C-70 MONITORED BY POSITIVE MUON SPIN LABELS
DENNIS T, PRASSIDES K, RODUNER E et al.
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, Volume 97, page {8553-8556}, DOI: 10.1021/j100135a002